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  Dnyanjyoti Savitribai Phule,Mahatma Jotirao Phule
  Dnyanjyoti Savitribai Phule  
     
 
              "The work of Mahatma Jotirao Phule and Savitribai Phule in the field of Education to women, Eradication of caste system and Widow remarriage are revolutionary in their nature and scope. Krantijyoti Savitribai, daughter of Khandoji Nevse Patil, was born on 3rd January 1831 at her parental house at Naigaon, Taluka Khandala, District Satara.
 
     
 
             She was married to Jotirao Phule in 1840 at her very young age. Jotirao gave her education and made her his true companion. She was a perfect soil for Jotirao as she shared his ideas of social reforms and took active part in all his activities.
 
     
 
              In 1848, they opened a school in Pune for women and underprivileged, thereby opened the doors of knowledge to those who have been deprived of it for centuries. Savitribai was the first Indian woman to become a teacher and principal. In 1863, she opened an institution at her own residence. When she looked after pregnant widows, she also worked for remarriage of the widows. She worked with Jotirao Phule in establishing Satyashodhak Samaj and carrying out social reforms like abolition of castism, education to the underprivileged and widow marriage etc.
 
     
 
              In 1890, after the death of Jotirao she continued the movements started by him and she campaigned the task that was dear to Jotirao Phule. In 1897, epidemic of plague spread everywhere like wildfire. She devoted her time and energy to look after the victims of this dreaded disease and in the process she herself became a victim of it and passed away on 10th March 1897.
 
     
 
                    Considering the importance of this house as a birthplace of revolutionary woman, Savitribai Phule, Government of Maharashtra has declared it as a “State Protected Monument”. Every effort has been made to retain the original character of this monument as per the principals of Archaeology. "
 
     
 
                    Dnyanjyoti Savitribai Phule was born on 3rd January 1831 in the Naigaon village, situated in Khandala Taluka of Satara District. Married to Mahatma Jyotiba Phule at the age of 9, she received education during the period of 1841 to1847 from Normal School.
 
     
 
                    The work of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule and Dnyanjyoti Savitribai Phule in field of Women’s Education is a land mark in annuals of the nation’s cultural history. Eradication of the caste system and Widow Marriages were revolutionary in their nature and scope.
 
     
 
                Savitribai established a girl’s school in Bhide Wada and started her teaching career. This was an unparalleled act of courage. The very next year, in 1849, she started a school for elders at Usman Sheikh wada , during 1849 and 1850 did teaching work by establishing schools in Satara and Nagar.
 
     
 
                Savitribai had understood the importance of education and through her own work she moved against the tide of age old religious and orthodox traditions and practices. Education is necessary for the community’s progress and therefore she strived to spread education in a selfless manner. As a result she had to abandon her house along with her husband in the year 1849.
 
     
 
                On 16th November 1852 she was felicitated with “Ideal Teacher” award and on 12th February 1853, she received special felicitations from Major Caddy.
 
     
 
                In order to eradicate the harmful traditions she started an Infanticide Prevention Home. She established a farmer’s and laborer’s night school in the year 1855, to increase the ambit of spreading education. During the period 1864 to 1868, while running an orphanage she made water freely available to untouchables from her own house storage.
 
     
 
                During the great famine of 1875, she ably led the relief work by providing food to the needy. By performing an inter-cast marriage of her adopted son, she effected a constructive blow to age old traditions. All the while, she ably carried out the responsibilities of the
 
     
                  Serving the affected patients during the 1897 Plague epidemic in Pune, she too contacted the disease and was no more on the 10th of March 1897.  
     
 
Kudos to the revered noble soul of Dnyanjyoti Savitribai Phule.
 
 
     
 
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